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Friday, December 27, 2013

FREE: Native American History Timeline & Native American Word Scramble Worksheet!!

How about a bit of Native American History as well as a Native American Word Scramble to start off the New Year?

Not too much is known about the dates and events of the Native Americans before the Europeans arrive, but I'm on a mission to learn and if I succeed then I'll be sure to let you know.

The following timeline begins with 1st contact which was made by Christopher Columbus.

Christopher Columbus
1492 - Christopher Columbus 1st makes contact with the Native Americans. He calls them Indians because he believes that he has landed within the East Indies.

1513 - Juan Ponce de Leon explores Florida and comes runs across Native Americans. He then takes 8 of them captive.

1539 - Hernando de Soto lands in Tampa Bay, Florida and kills around 100 Native American warriors!

1539 - The Spanish first make contact with the Pueblo Indians in the southwest.

1620 - Pocahontas marries Englishman John Rolfe.

1680 - The Pueblo Indians rage against the Spanish and take back their homeland, for 12 years.

1754 - The French and Indian War between France and Great Britain begins. Indian tribes were a part of both sides.

1763 - The French and Indian War finally ended.

1764 - Chief Pontiac, of the Ottawa tribe, led a rebellion against the British in the Ohio River Valley.

1810 - Tecumseh begins to put together a confederation of Native American Tribes in an effort to stop the enlargement of the United States.

Tecumseh, by Benson Lossing
in 1848, based on 1808 drawing

1811 - The Shawnee are defeated by William Henry Harrison during the Battle of Tippecanoe.

1812 - Native Americans under Tecumseh ally with the British against the United States in the War of 1812.

1817 - The First Seminole War is fought when Andrew Jackson over-swarms Florida in hope to catch runaway slaves.

1824 - The United States established the Office of Indian Affairs.

1830 - President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act into a law.

1835 - The Second Seminole War started when the United States tries to force the Seminole Indians to move from Florida to Oklahoma.

Cherokee Tribe
Cherokee Nation Flag
1838 - The Cherokee tribe are forced to march from North Carolina to Oklahoma. Thousands of them pass away along the way in what is now known as the Trail of Tears.

1855 - The Third Seminole War is fought against the legendary leader - Billy Bowlegs.

1855 - The Nez Perce sign an agreement with the United States Government which would later be dismantled when gold was discovered on the land that belonged to the Nez Perce tribe.

1862 - The Homestead Act is passed by the United States Government which lead to the opening of an Indian land in the Midwest, to settlers.

1874 - The Red River War is fought in Northern Texas.

1876 - George Custer and the United States Army is deeply defeated during the Battle of Little Big Horn by Native Americans, which was led by Sitting Bull.

1877 - The Nez Perce people, led by Chief Joseph, retreat from United States forces and end up traveling 1,400 miles until they surrender in what would soon be known as the Nez Perce War.

Sitting Bull

1890 - Sitting Bull is killed by Indian Agents who believe that he will support the Ghost Dancers.

1890 - The Wounded Knee Massacre took place in South Dakota. Around two hundred Native American women and children were killed.

1907 - Charles Curtis became the first Native American United States Senator. He would later become vice president of the United States of America.

1912 - Jim Thorpe wins two gold medals in the Olympics and is named the greatest athlete in the world!

1965 - Native American, Maria Tallchief, becomes the first American prima-ballerina of the New York City Ballet.

1969 - At last -  All Native American Indians are declared citizens of the United States of America!!

Below is a fun Native American Word Scramble from Little Passports!
This worksheet is an amazing addition to any Native American History Lesson!

Visit Little Passports for more amazing learning opportunities!

Little Passports

Timeline Source: Ducksters

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